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Elements of Nonfiction in speech

11 Feb

Allusion – a reference to another literary, artistic, or musical work.

Analogy – a comparison of something unfamiliar with something that is better known.

Anecdote – a brief story told to make a point or to entertain.

Assertion or viewpoint – a claim, statement, or declaration that the writer supports with evidence or detail.

Author’s purpose – his or her reason for writing.

Bias – a mental leaning, inclination, prejudice, or bent.

Denotation – the denotation of a word is its dictionary definition.

Connotation- the connotation of a word is the surrounding emotional feelings associated with it.

Deductive  reasoning – a pattern of thought that proceeds from the known to the unknown, from the general to the specific, or from a premise to a logical conclusion.

Inductive reasoning – a pattern of thought that proceeds from small, specific details or reasons to q broader, more general conclusion.

Irony – a humorous or sarcastic way of saying the exact opposite of what is really meant.

Jargon – the specialized or technical vocabulary of a particular group.

Lead – in the opening paragraphs of a news story and contains essential information.

Main idea – the central in a piece of writing. It is what the author wants you to remember the most.

Rhetorical question – a question asked for effect and to make statement or point. No answer is expected.

Satire – a literacy device used to ridicule or make fun of. The usual purpose of satire is to correct or change the subject of the satirical attack.

Supporting details – used to furnish evidence, describe a process, or create an impression.

Understatement – is a technique in which writers intentionally say less that is complete or true.

As applied to Dr. King’s speech 

Allusion – Dr. King’s speech is done at Lincoln Memorial and he refers to 3 American documents

Analogy – a comparison of something unfamiliar with something that is better known.

Anecdote – References to unjust acts against African Americans

Assertion or viewpoint – African Americans have not gotten chance at life, liberty and pursuit of happiness

Author’s purpose – Dr. King wants to fire up the crowd and get them to protest

Irony – Giving a speech about African American freedom on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial

Main idea – protest is needed to gain African Americans their rights

Supporting details – References to unjust acts against African Americans

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Posted by on February 11, 2012 in Curriculum

 

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